Federal Bill Seeks First Native American Land Grab in 100 Years

Even as the

Dakota Access Pipeline

protest in Standing Rock has galvanized Native Americans across the U.S., a bill entered in the U.S. House of Representatives by Utah Republican congressmen Rob Bishop and Jason Chaffetz seeks to

take 100,000 acres

of Ute tribal lands and hand them over to oil and mining companies. Will Bears Ears be the site of the next standoff?


Scott G Winterton, Deseret News

The proposed bill also seeks to remove protection from 18 million acres of land in eastern Utah and prevent President Obama from designating the Bears Ears area a national monument.

Adjoining Canyonlands National Park and the Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Bears Ears is an unprotected culturally significant region that contains more than 100,000 Native American archeological sites. These sacred sites are subject to continual looting and desecration. More than a dozen

serious looting

cases were reported between May 2014 and April 2015.

The area has been inhabited for at least 11,000 years. Many Southwestern tribes have longstanding connections to this land, including Navajo, Ute and Paiute peoples. The Navajo Nation and the White Mesa Ute Reservation border Bears Ears. Rock paintings and petroglyphs are found throughout the area.


Petroglyphs near the San Juan River


Bears Ears Inter-Tribal Coalition

The area is rich in mining deposits including uranium and potash with some deposits of

tar sands

present as well. Oil and gas companies are eyeing the area for drilling. The area around Bears Ears, as well as Canyonlands and Arches National Park, are already dotted with oil rigs. Writing in the May/June 2015 issue of

Sierra

, Julian Smith reported on an area just north of Bears Ears. “The air was full of harsh mechanical noises and a petroleum smell,” she wrote.

/res/community/twitter_embed/?iframe_id=twitter-embed-770729101552394240&created_ts=1472591111.0&screen_name=RobertKennedyJr&text=Read+my+piece+on+how+tar+Sands+threaten+the+majestic+Green+River++https%3A%2F%2Ft.co%2FiHFtxLgcqp&id=770729101552394240&name=Robert+F.+Kennedy+Jr

An unprecedented

coalition

of Native American tribes has come together to protect these lands. They include members of the Hopi Tribe, Navajo Nation, Ute Mountain Ute Tribe, Pueblo of Zuni and Ute Indian Tribe. The organization traces its beginnings to Navajo leader Mark Maryboy, who is

credited

with launching the effort to preserve Bears Ears. A long-time activist and one-time county commissioner, he has tried to broker a deal with a former moderate Utah Republican, but Tea Party conservatives and anti-public lands politicians have killed all prospects of a deal.



Members of the Inter-Tribal Coalition in support of Bears Ears national monument.


Bears Ears Inter-Tribal Coalition

The proposed

Public Lands Initiative

(PLI) would appropriate 26 percent of Ute reservation lands and would favor mining interests over land conservation. In a July 23

letter

to both Chaffetz and Bishop, the co-chairs of the Inter-Tribal Coalition wrote, “We do not see how further discussions can be productive.” In a county that is half Native American, they note that under the proposed legislation, there is “only a weak advisory role for tribes” and that the “PLI bill is diametrically opposed” to their interests.


Map of proposed Bears Ears National Monument


Bears Ears Inter-Tribal Coalition

In an

op-ed

by Sen. Jim Dabakis (D-Salt Lake City), he calls the PLI “a flawed, political, one-sided, fossil fuel lobby dream piece of legislation.”

Bishop and Chaffetz both oppose the Antiquities Act, under which President Obama could declare Bears Ears a national monument. Bishop went so far as to

insert himself

into Maine’s discussions around creation of the

Kathadin Woods and Waters

National Monument.

In addition to robbing Native Americans of their lands, the PLI

also gives

anti-government activist Clyven Bundy what he wants: opening Recapture Canyon, another area with many sacred Native American sites, to motorized vehicles. Bundy supported San Juan County Commissioner Phil Lyman when they staged

an illegal ATV ride

though the canyon in 2014, desecrating Native American burial grounds.

A poll conducted in May 2016 found that 71 percent of Utah voters

support

the Bears Ears national monument. Support was widespread across geographic regions, age, gender and political party affiliation. The

Salt Lake Tribune

,

Deseret News

and

Washington Post

have all come out in support of the national monument.


Courtesy Southern Utah Wilderness Alliance

The Southern Utah Wilderness Alliance (SUWA) has been actively working in support of Bears Ears and protection of the red rock wilderness in Utah. In a Sept. 15 blog post, they call the PLI “the worst ‘wilderness’ bill we’ve seen in Congress.”

Standing Rock has brought together 200 tribes, many sending representatives to the protest site from faraway states. The

Chicago Tribune

wrote, “Many of the Native Americans who have come here speak of a spiritual reawakening taking place.” Their next battleground may be in southeastern Utah.

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